The March 2007 edition of the International Coaching Psychology Review published the first controlled study of evidence based life-coaching intervention for senior high school students. This study provides preliminary evidence that a cognitive-behavioural, solution focused life coaching group programme can be effective in increasing hope and cognitive hardiness and lowering self-reported depressive symptoms of depression.
Hope as defined in Positive Psychology is the process of thinking about one?s goals, along with the motivation to move towards those goals ? agency, and also the pathways to achieve those goals. Hopeful people can generate more pathways to their goal. Hope has been associated with greater academic satisfaction, higher average grades and measures of hope positively correlate with perceived academic competence.
Hardiness is conceptualised as an individual?s commitment to their life goals, a sense of control or belief that they can control life events, and a perception of change as a challenge. Hardy people persevere in the face of adversity and have more effective coping strategies, lower levels of stress and better academic grades. They perceive potential stressors as being controllable.
This study provides encouraging empirical support that we can increase both hope and hardiness in high school children. It also supports the usefulness of evidence based life coaching interventions in educational settings.